One of the technological advancement in energy sources of energy is biomass. Biomass is produced from organic matter of plants and animals. Unlike other sources of energy such as fossil fuel, biomass is friendlier to the environment since it produces zero or minimal carbon. Cautious production of biomass results to no emission of carbon to the atmosphere maintaining the recommended amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Apart from zero production of coal, biomass produces minimal amounts of sulfur that in turn prevents acidic rain. Therefore, to stop the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, use carbon neutral sources such as biomass should be encouraged.
Biomass conversion can be achieved through co-firing or gasification. Cofiring is achieved through direct combustion of biomass in the presence of fuel to generate power. Cofiring is advantageous as compared to gasification as it reduces the amount of carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide emitted. The process of conversion of carbonaceous animal and plant feedstock in high pressure is referred to as gasification. The products of gasification are then converted to energy through a series of steps while using heat exchangers and scrubbers.
Another advantage of using biomass energy is the reduced cost methane produced which is a hydrocarbon compound. Methane destroys the ozone layer resulting in global warming when discharged into the atmosphere. Biomass production makes use of methane produced from the decomposition of animal and plant organic matter by converting it to energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Biomass energy can be utilized in a wide range of areas except for the desert areas where the plants cannot quickly grow. In areas with deficient energy resources, biomass plants can be used for power generation.
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Biomass is a more reliable source of energy as compared to other forms such as solar power and geothermal energy. Since it is independent of sunlight and wind, biomass energy can be produced in many sectors. Company biomass waste can also be converted to energy that can be used in running machinery without relying on an external source reducing the costs of operation.
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Biomass pellet mills are responsible for the conversion of the animal and plant waste into a form that can be easily converted to energy. Pellet mills are built to handle the processing of wide range of wastes. The efficiency and productivity of the pallet mill depends on the amount of moisture that is present in the raw material and the size of the particle.