Understanding Natural Pest Control Another alternative measure to pest control is the organic or natural pest control, instead of using chemical pesticides, which is proven to be less expensive, effective, and safe for your family, your pets, your garden, and your environment. The methods applied for natural pest control are: pulling out any weak plants; building healthy, organic soil; using seaweed mulch or spray; minimize insect habitat; inter-planting and rotating crops; and keeping foliage dry, such that all these methods are aimed at discouraging harmful insects from invading the garden and the field crops. It’s advisable to pull out the weak plants in the garden and those growing along with the field crops, since they may attract predators or they may already be infected, so remove them and dispose of them. Building healthy, organic soil by natural composting methods, mulching and top-dressing the soil with compost or natural fertilizer is a good way to grow strong plants which can resist harmful insects.
Seaweeds help in promoting healthy plants by using it as fertilizers, thus, plants are resistant to diseases caused by insects and this is because seaweeds contain rich elements of iron, zinc, barium, calcium, sulfur and magnesium, and, not only this, if seaweed fertilizers are in mulch or spray form and applied to the plants, this method provides strength for the plants to withstand diseases.
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The reason why harmful insects breed in the garden and field is due to the presence of weeds and debris, which can be breeding places for insects, so make it a habit of regularly pulling the weeds, clearing the debris, and using clean mulch. Inter-planting method, which is planting mix plants or crops or rotating the planting of crops each year help to avoid re-infestation of pests and the reason for this is that insect pests are plant specific. A constantly wet foliage encourages insect and fungal damage to the plants, therefore, wet accordingly at an early time so plants are kept dry most of the day or apply drip-irrigation, which is delivering water to the root systems of plants. When you’re using your garden tools with infested plants, disinfect them afterwards to reduce the speed of invading insects. Wasps, ladybugs, lacewings, hover-flies, praying mantis, and nematodes are beneficial insects that prey on harmful insects and their larvae, which is also another method of applying natural pest control. The flowers of these plants, carrots, celery, parsley, caraway and Queen Anne’s lace, attract wasps and when they get to visit these plants, they destroy the leaf-eating caterpillars, and since these plants are easy to grow, some should be left for these wasps. These harmful insects, such as aphids, mites, whiteflies and scale are eaten by ladybugs, especially if these harmful insects are around such plants, like daisies, tansy or yarrow, which attract a lot of ladybugs.